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Countdown to Copenhagen (Part 2): Marine bunker emissions in OECD countries

Marine fuel emissions in Europe, North America and the Pacific are examined in our second feature article in the run up to Copenhagen.



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Updated on 02 Dec 2009 08:14 GMT

In the second of our "Countdown to Copenhagen" series of articles, we look at CO2 emissions from marine fuels in OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries located in Europe, North America and the Pacific.

The countries are as follows:

OECD North America - Canada, Mexico, United States

OECD Pacific - Australia, Japan, Korea, New Zealand

OECD Europe - Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom

According to recent data published by the International Energy Agency(IEA), OECD Europe accounted for 174.05 million tonnes of CO2, or 28.5 percent, of global emissions from marine fuels in 2007, compared with 122.1 million tonnes, or 35 percent of worldwide marine bunker emissions in 1971. The 2007 data therefore represents a 42.5 percent increase in CO2 emissions over this 36-year period even though the percentage of global bunker emissions has fallen by 6.5 percent.

OECD North America accounted for 100.67 million tonnes of CO2, or 16.5 percent of the world's marine fuel emissions in 2007, up 74 million tonnes from 26.67 million tonnes in 1971. Significantly, this represents a 277.5 percent increase in CO2 emissions in just under four decades.

Meanwhile, OECD Pacific emissions from marine fuels were 53.17 million tonnes of CO2 in 2007 compared with 57.55 million tonnes in 1971, showing that CO2 emissions have actually fallen both in real terms and as a percentage of global marine fuel emissions.

Please find a table below, which provides a summary of CO2 emissions in OECD Europe, OECD North America and OECD Pacific.

Year OECD Europe % OECD Namerica % OECD Pacific % Global (Marine Fuels)
1971 122.1 35.4 26.67 7.7 57.55 16.7 344.5
1972 134.49 37.3 26 7.2 55.63 15.4 360.4
1973 135.05 35.5 33.34 8.8 65.12 17.1 380.8
1974 115.5 32.6 35.4 10.0 65.25 18.4 354.5
1975 112.87 34.3 36.51 11.1 70.48 21.4 328.6
1976 117.96 34.8 48.24 14.2 56.46 16.7 338.7
1977 112.53 33.2 58.54 17.3 52.23 15.4 338.5
1978 113.34 33.3 71.98 21.2 47.12 13.9 340.2
1979 107.76 30.7 83.89 23.9 48.64 13.8 351.4
1980 99.26 28.9 94.91 27.6 44.06 12.8 344
1981 97.17 30.6 84.59 26.6 41.19 13.0 318
1982 93.09 32.6 68.09 23.9 29.43 10.3 285.4
1983 86.18 32.4 60.86 22.9 27.41 10.3 265.9
1984 82.77 30.7 60.12 22.3 28.39 10.5 269.2
1985 89.76 30.8 57.76 19.8 28.63 9.8 291.7
1986 105.39 33.9 56.42 18.2 24.53 7.9 310.6
1987 102.97 33.7 56.53 18.5 23.91 7.8 305.8
1988 104.91 32.6 60.99 19.0 23.42 7.3 321.8
1989 105.42 32.8 63.93 19.9 25.23 7.8 321.5
1990 110.68 31.0 95.58 26.8 26.11 7.3 356.9
1991 109.43 29.5 100.86 27.2 29.36 7.9 370.4
1992 110.81 27.9 104.92 26.4 31.87 8.0 396.9
1993 113.63 29.5 92.33 24.0 36.75 9.5 384.9
1994 109.61 28.1 90.6 23.2 38.51 9.9 389.7
1995 113.27 28.2 95.57 23.8 37.04 9.2 402
1996 120.11 29.5 90.33 22.2 33.76 8.3 406.9
1997 131.1 31.1 79.1 18.8 39.31 9.3 421.8
1998 135.95 31.9 78.34 18.4 40.77 9.6 425.8
1999 130.42 28.6 89.14 19.5 41.68 9.1 456.6
2000 138.53 29.7 96.39 20.7 40.86 8.8 466
2001 141.81 32.3 68.38 15.6 37.86 8.6 439
2002 144.86 31.9 78.06 17.2 37.71 8.3 454.8
2003 146.22 31.4 64.57 13.9 41.23 8.8 466
2004 157.2 30.1 81.07 15.5 44.42 8.5 521.7
2005 164.34 29.9 86.34 15.7 56.73 10.3 549.7
2006 172.53 29.7 92.57 15.9 56.09 9.7 580.6
2007 174.05 28.5 100.67 16.5 53.17 8.7 610.4






Related Links:

Countdown to Copenhagen (Part 1): Global CO2 emissions from marine fuels

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